Environment Sustainability - The Singapore Journey
26 April 2017
3.30pm – 5.00pm. Registration from 3.00pm, seated by 3.30pm
MND Function Hall
Lecture Poster (1.48MB)
Lecture Report (1.27MB)
Lecture Transcript (1.2MB)
Lecture Video & Photos
Singapore has enjoyed a reputation as a clean and green city for the last few decades. The government has always recognised the importance of cultivating a healthy environment to improve the people’s quality of life and the need to develop good infrastructure for a modern city. As the city progressed, the paradigm has shifted from problem-solving to that of embracing environmental sustainability. In this lecture, Mr Loh Ah Tuan will describe the environmental journey since Singapore’s independence in the 1960s, what it took for Singapore to sustain her clean and green environment today; Mr Liak Teng Lit will provide insights into encouraging public ownership of a clean environment; and Ms Isabella Loh will cover the perspectives of the NGOs and private sector, using waste management as a case study to show how they work hand-in-hand with the government to tackle environmental challenges.
Loh Ah Tuan, a former deputy CEO of Singapore’s National Environment Agency (NEA), described
Singapore’s early efforts in environmental protection at the CLC lecture, “Environment Sustainability
— The Singapore Journey”.
Tracing to the 1970s, Mr Loh said the period was characterised by rapid industrialisation, urban
resettlement and a population spike.
Fortunately, the city’s political leaders gave as much importance to environmental protection as it did
economic development and social progress — ensuring environmental infrastructure, legislation and
enforcement alongside the country’s industrialisation, said Mr Loh. This was also the time when the
government embarked on Singapore River’s landmark clean-up.
Today, Singapore’s environmental scorecard is said to be less than stellar.
Isabella Loh, Chairperson for the non-governmental organisation Singapore Environment Council,
pointed to Singapore’s high waste per capita, which currently exceeds that of Taiwan, South Korea
and Hong Kong.
“As early as 1995, South Korea and Taiwan have been practising a ‘volume-fee’ waste system, where
consumers are charged for waste disposal,” Ms Loh shared. This has successfully helped “correlate
waste management with recycling in people’s minds.”
Liak Teng Lit, Chairman of the NEA, made this candid remark:
“Honestly, Singapore is mediocre. Among first-world cities, we’re average. If we talk about
sustainability, we pale in comparison to other cities… With regard to cleanliness and
recycling… we have an army of cleaners.
“The government has done too much,” he said, noting that Singapore’s environmental
transformation into a “clean and green” city was mostly driven by the state.
All three speakers emphasised the need for behavioural change, where consumption habits have to
A clear example is the pervasive use of plastic bags in Singapore — from supermarkets to food
centres — that often end up as litter despite deterrents like fines.
Behavioural changes are best achieved through the “long and painful process of education.” Mr
Loh said it was perhaps time to revive public campaigns to drive the message of reduce, reuse and
recycle. Singapore needs “to get true sociologists, psychologists and educationists to work on such
campaigns,” he said.
Mr Liak added that “the government is too responsive… and the civil service reacts everytime
someone complains.” This has also taken the responsibility away from citizens in protecting our
The speakers encouraged members of the audience, comprising civil servants and non-government
actors, to “dream big” and “don’t think about what bosses like or want.”
“Too many people today focus on avoiding failure. The focus should instead be on making great
things happen,” urged Mr Liak. “Civil servants need to persuade politicians to do the right thing,
that’s where the value is.”
Written by Leong Wen Shan. This report first appeared in the
May 2017 Better Cities newsletter.
About the Speakers
Mr Loh Ah Tuan
Member, Panel of Experts, Centre for Liveable Cities (CLC)
Mr Loh Ah Tuan joined the Singapore Ministry of the Environment and
Water Resources about 35 years ago, retiring in 2007. He served as the
Director-General for Environmental Protection and Deputy Chief Executive
Officer of the National Environment Agency (NEA),and held portfolios in
environmental planning, environmental pollution control, integrated solid
waste management and environmental public health.
Mr Liak Teng Lit
Chairman, National Environment Agency (NEA)
Group Chief Operating Officer, Perennial Real Estate Holdings Ltd
Chief Executive Officer, Perennial Healthcare Pte. Ltd
Liak was the Chief Executive Officer of Alexandra Health, which provides
healthcare services for some 700,000 people living in the north of
Singapore. A pharmacist by training, he was involved in the restructuring of
major hospitals including The National University Hospital, Kandang Kerbau
Hospital and Singapore General Hospital. He was also the former chairman
of the Public Hygiene Council, and led the launch of the Keep Singapore
Clean Movement in 2012.
Ms Isabella Loh
Chairman, Singapore Environment Council (SEC)
Ms Isabella Loh has been the Chairman of the Singapore Environment
Council, a nongovernment organisation that partners communities,
business and governments to achieve urban sustainable developments in
Singapore and the region, since 2008. She was previously the President and
CEO of SembCorp Environmental Management Pte Ltd from 1999 to 2005.
Prof Paulin Straughan
Sociologist, National University of Singapore (NUS)
A/P Paulin Tay Straughan has a Ph.D. (Sociology) from the University of
Virginia, USA. She is Deputy Head of the Department of Sociology and
Vice Dean of the Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences (FASS) at the National
University of Singapore. Her research includes issues on aging and
population, work and family, as well as health. She was Principal Consultant
for the Sociological Study on Littering in Singapore, commissioned by NEA